Skip to main content
The Bible was written under the inspiration of the Holy Spirit by over 40 different authors from all walks of life:shepherds, farmers, tent-makers, physicians, fishermen, priests, philosophers and kings. Despite these differences in occupation and the span of years it took to write it, the Bible is an extremely cohesive and unified book.
True Forgiveness! 

Have you ever tried to forgive someone and found you simply couldn't do it?

You've cried about it and

- prayed about it and

- asked God to help you.

But those old feelings of resentment just failed to go away.


Put an end to those kinds of failures in the future-

- by basing your forgiveness on faith rather than feelings.


True forgiveness doesn't have anything at all to do with how you feel.

It's an act of the will. It is based on obedience to God and on faith in Him.


That means once you've forgiven a person-

- you need to consider him permanently forgiven! When old feelings rise up within you and


Satan tries to convince you that you haven't really forgiven, resist him.

Say, "No, I've already forgiven that person by faith. I refuse to dwell on those old feelings."


Then, according to 1 John 1:9-

Believe that you receive forgiveness and cleansing from the sin of unforgiveness and from all unrighteousness associated with it including any remembrance of having been wronged!


Have you ever heard anyone say, "I may forgive, but I'll never forget!"

That's a second-rate kind of forgiveness-

- that you, as a believer, are never supposed to settle for.

You're to forgive supernaturally "even as God for Christ's sake hath forgiven you." Eph. 4:32.


You're to forgive as God forgives.

To release that person from guilt permanently and unconditionally and to operate as if nothing bad ever happened between you.

You're to purposely forget as well as forgive.


As you do that-

- something supernatural will happen within you.

The pain once caused by that incident will disappear.

The power of God will wash away the effects of it.

And you'll be able to leave it behind you once and for all.


Don't become an emotional bookkeeper-

- keeping careful accounts of the wrongs you have suffered.


Learn to forgive and forget.

It will open a whole new world of blessing for you.

" not touchy or fretful or resentful; it takes no account of the evil done to it pays no

attention to a suffered wrong." 1 Corinthians 13:5.

LUKE: 18:9-30 


                                                            EXEGESIS PAPER















                                    LUKE: 18:9-30




































INTRODUCTION                                                                              3


PEOPLE IN THE PASSAGE                                                              4


THEME OF THE PASSAGE                                                              5


THE PURPOSE OF THE PASSAGE                                      6


BIBLIOGRAPHY                                                                                11



































Introduction: Each of these stories answers, in some way, the question “Who will be


accepted by God and received into his kingdom?”


Unlike either of the other Synoptic Gospels, Luke has sought to express the humanity of


Christ in the portrayal of His life. Luke has sought to achieve this by emphasizing the


prayer life of Jesus, and as a result, there are seven accounts of Jesus praying which are


peculiar to Luke. The New Testament concept of prayer is "the uplifting of the heart to


God with whatever motive", a form of worship encompassing "all attitudes of the human


spirit". It is perhaps most simply defined as "communion with God." What is signified


therefore, is that though Jesus is God, in His incarnate state He is entirely dependent upon


His Father in order to fulfill God's purpose for His life. Moreover, Jesus as the perfect


man needed to pray, how much more do we, in our imperfection?
























I. People in the passage. (v.9)


1. The audiences who were sure of their own righteousness. The Pharisees in the story are


the specific targets in Jesus' audiences.


2. Children (v.15-17)

Children are characterized by certain qualities (e.g., trust, openness, dependant) and not

by certain others (e.g., self-sufficiency). The children here are to be equated with the tax

collector of the previous story: trusting in another rather than self-reliant. The true

believer shares these qualities. Children often know and accept their limitations but

sometimes, as they grow, they begin to think they can do everything by themselves.

3. The disciples

“They began to stop the little children, and tell off the parents in no uncertain terms. The

word translated "rebuked" is Greek epitimao, "to express strong disapproval of someone,

'rebuke, reprove, censure,' also 'speak seriously, warn' in order to prevent an action or

bring one to an end."[1]

3. The Jewish leader (the Rich man) v. 18-30)


The Jewish leader has asked Jesus a question without considering his words. Jesus wants


to know, “If you’re calling me good and only God is good, then are you equating me with


God?” In pointing this out, Jesus is not only emphasizing his own deity, but is making


clear the standard of righteousness by which God judges: his own holiness and


righteousness. Someone who is not as holy as God has no hope of eternal life.


II. Theme of the passage.

1. Prayer: the parables together do more than remind us that prayer is a theme in Luke-

Acts; they show us why prayer is a theme. For Luke, prayer is faith in action. Prayer is

not an optional exercise in piety, carried out to demonstrate one's relationship with God.

It is that relationship with God. The way one prays therefore reveals that relationship. “If

the disciples do not "cry out day and night" to the Lord, then they in fact do not have

faith, for that is what faith does. Similarly, if prayer is self-assertion before god, then it

cannot be answered by God's gift of righteousness; possession and gift cancel each


In his Gospel Luke has tried to impress upon the reader the importance of prayer by

demonstrating the attitude of Jesus to prayer and the frequency with which He prayed.

What we see is that Jesus, as the expression of perfect humanity, lived a life totally

surrendered to the 'purposes' of His Father and was only effective in His ministry because

He sought the will of God in all the areas of His life. Likewise, the Christian life is to be a

life of prayer, founded upon the Father-Son relationship that God has established through

Christ. We are to trust him in the assurance that he will provide the answer to all our


2. Eternal life

This passage about a rich young man has challenged and puzzled Bible teachers for many

years. You see, hundreds of times the Bible says that the way to receiving eternal life is

by believing in Jesus for it. The way to heaven is by faith in Christ, not by works, so that

no one can boast. 


III. The purpose of the passage.

1. Humility.

Acceptance with God is based on who God is and what he has done, not on who you are


or what you have done. Humility and a recognition of God's grace and mercy allowing us


to approach are appropriate. We can only enter the kingdom when we come depending


upon Jesus and not ourselves.


 The Pharisee and tax collector contrast pride and humility. The blessing of the little

children shows God's openness to all. The rich man shows how difficult it is for the rich

to turn to God, while the disciples are the positive example of giving everything over to

service for God. In each case, what is commended is putting everything into the Father's

care. Such simple, humble faith is what God desires. The Parable of the Pharisee and Tax

Collector (18:9-14)

“This parable, like the previous one, deals with prayer, but here the issue is the content of

the heart as one prays. The parable is one of contrast and is unique to Luke. It contains

common Lukan heroes and villains. The hero is the tax collector; the villain is the

Pharisee. Humility is the exalted virtue. The parable serves as a rebuke, since it is told to

some who were confident of their own righteousness and looked down on everybody else.

The Pharisees are the specific targets in Jesus' audience (Jeremias 1972:142-43).”[3]

The two prayers also make a contrast. The Pharisee is sure that he is a blessing to God.

He makes no request of God, he offers no honor to God. In contrast, the tax collector

senses that he approaches a holy God, a great and unique being. This man comes with

timidity, from a distance, not lifting his eyes to heaven. Both practices indicate an

awareness of one's humble position before God.

The tax collector knows he is a sinner; the Pharisee is confident of his own righteousness.

The contrast could not be greater. Here is another brilliant use of literary space and

contrast by Jesus.

“Greek key word in this passage: Luke precedes the parable by naming its intended

target.  The first characteristic is "confident of their own righteousness." The word

translated "confident" (NIV) or "trusting in" (KJV) is Greek peitho, which can mean

variously, "convince, persuade, depend on, trust in, be convinced, certain." And

"Righteousness" is Greek dikaios, "pertaining to being in accordance with high standards

of rectitude, 'upright, just, fair.'[4]

2. Trusting All to the Father

“A little child is totally helpless and is dependent upon his parents for care. A little

child has absolute confidence in his parents.  In Luke, at least, the incident of little

children coming to Jesus is squarely in the context of humility. As the situation comes to

light like this, what the Lord meant also comes to light. The Lord was trying to overturn

from the roots the thoughts of such disciples as this. “Let the children come to me. Do not

hinder them. The kingdom of God is people like this. I say to you clearly. Unless you are

people who accept the kingdom of God as a child, you will never be able to enter in it.”[5]

this episode about children emphasizes who is really upright in the sight of God. Luke


reinforces the attitude that one must have to participate in the Reign of God. Jesus teaches


that we do not gain or merit God’s favor by our human achievements. Rather the Reign


of God is a pure gift. One is called to receive and participate in it.


“The Pharisees and religious teachers held that children could not be examples of the


upright because they were incapable of knowing the law. Children were often considered


insignificant, even burdens until they could work. To the contrary, Jesus uses the child as


a model for the kingdom.”[6]


The disciples were doing important things they were traveling with Jesus to the Holy


City, Jerusalem. They were ministering with Jesus. Most likely they had the same


attitudes as the Pharisees towards the children. They were seen as insignificant and not


worthy of Jesus’ attention.


Jesus makes it clear that not only does the kingdom belong to them but that they are


models for adults on how to accept the Reign of God.

3. No One Is Good,  Except God Alone

Luke places this event in the midst of a series of incidents and parables designed to

indicate the character of discipleship.

“And so, in this sincere young man's superficial way, he addresses Jesus as "good

teacher," a somewhat improper way to address a Rabbi. We don't see this expression

elsewhere in Rabbinical literature until the Fourth Century. The word "good" in both

verses 18 and 19 is Greek agathos, "pertaining to meeting a high standard of worth and

merit, 'good.'[7]

A rich man can't understand anything else Jesus will tell him unless he grasps that

our relative standards of goodness are much, much different than God's absolute

goodness and God's standards of righteousness.

“A rich man wants to earn everlasting life. He represents those who believe that salvation


is something on can merit by performing deeds. Jesus makes it clear that salvation is a


gift from God. Only God is truly good. The rich sees in Jesus a good man not unlike


himself. He does not see The Messiah, God’s son.”[8]


Jesus guides the rich man hoping to open his eyes. He refers the man to the


commandments but mentions only those regarding man’s relationship with man. He does


not mention the first three commandments from which all the following commandments


receive their meaning. The first three commandments proclaim that God is the


source of all life and salvation, worthy of all we are and have.


The rich man has kept the laws of God and felt himself entitled to salvation. He has kept


those commandments since he was a boy.


Jesus calls the rich man to the path of salvation. He summons the man to sell his


possessions, give the wealth to the poor and follow him. He stuns the man. The rich man


must make a decision towards the first steps into salvation or retain his wealth. In his


heart the man does not trust God’s way. He will not even share his wealth


with the poor. At the same time Jesus gives him a remarkable opportunity to become his


disciple. The man decides not to follow Jesus. He cannot put his faith in him. He hears


the call of God through Jesus. But he will not respond. He will not follow. He is


immobilized by his wealth. He goes away sad. Jesus response to the


man’s reaction: “How hard will be for the rich to go into the kingdom of God”


“Now it is the listeners and disciples turn to be stunned. “Who, then can be saved?” To


hem being wealthy was considered a great blessing. It could achieve almost anything.


Jesus points out that wealth can become an obstacle in the Christian life. But more


importantly, he clarifies that God can make all things possible.”[9]

Jesus has taught his disciples about the importance of faithfulness with regard to money:

"No servant can serve two masters. Either he will hate the one and love the other, or he

will be devoted to the one and despise the other. You cannot serve both God and Money"





























Charles R. Erdman. The gospel of Luke, An exposition. Echo Library, January 2009


Darrell L. Bock. Luke (The NIV application commentary). Zondervan; Reprint Edition, February 1996


Frank Colborn. Luke’s notebook: Mediations on the Gospel., October, 2009


Howard I. Marshall, Ward W. Gasque. Gospel of Luke: A commentary on  the Greek testament commentary. Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing Company, November 1978


Jerome Kodell. Gospel According to Luke (Collegeville Bible commentary series), Liturgical Press, June 1982


Leon Morris. The Gospel According to Luke: An introduction and commentary (Tyndale New Testament commentaries). Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing Company, 2007


Reiling J., Swellengrebel J.L. A handbook on the gospel of Luke. United Bible Societies, August 1993


Rudolf Steiner, Robert McDermott, Catherin E. Creeger. The gospel of compassion and love revealed. Steiner Book, July 2001


Marvin Pate. Luke Gospel Commentary (Moody Gospel commentary). Moody Publishers: 1ST edition , February, 1995










[1] Rudolf Steiner, Robert McDermott, Catherin E. Creeger. The gospel of compassion and love revealed. Steiner Book, July 2001

[2] Charles R. Erdman. The gospel of Luke, An exposition. Echo Library, January 2009

[3] Marvin Pate. Luke Gospel Commentary (Moody Gospel commentary). Moody Publishers: 1ST edition , February, 1995

[4] Howard I. Marshall, Ward W. Gasque. Gospel of Luke: A commentary on  the Greek testament commentary. Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing Company, November 1978


[5] Frank Colborn. Luke’s notebook: Mediations on the Gospel., October, 2009


[6] Leon Morris. The Gospel According to Luke: An introduction and commentary (Tyndale New Testament commentaries). Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing Company, 2007



[7] Jerome Kodell. Gospel According to Luke (Collegeville Bible commentary series), Liturgical Press, June 1982

[8] Reiling J., Swellengrebel J.L. A handbook on the gospel of Luke. United Bible Societies, August 1993

[9] Darrell L. Bock. Luke (The NIV application commentary). Zondervan; Reprint Edition, February 1996




Let's not forget the blood that was shed for this great nation. Let's not forget the men and women that have died and made the sacrifice so we can have the freedom to love, to worship, and to excercise our faith.FlyHigh Ministries salutes all the soldiers who have made such a sacrifice. Let's not forget the Sacrifice that Jesus made on the Cross that allowed us to have fellowship with the Father.

1John 4:9-10 This is how God showed his love among us: He sent his one and only Son into the world that we might live through him. This is love: not that we love God, but that He love us and sent His Son as an atoning Sacrifice for our sins.

Declaring His Promises 


Ex 23:27 I will send My terror before you and will

throw into confusion all the people to whom you shall

come, and I will make all your foes turn from you [in


Deut 20:4 For the LORD your God is the one who goes

with you to fight for you against your enemies to give

you victory."

Deut 28:7 "The LORD will cause your enemies who rise

against you to be defeated before your face; they

shall come out against you one way and flee before you

seven ways.

Deut 33:27 The eternal God is your refuge and

dwelling place, and underneath are the everlasting

arms; He drove the enemy before you and thrust them

out, saying, Destroy!

Isa 42:13-17 The LORD will march out like a mighty

man, like a warrior he will stir up his zeal; with a

shout he will raise the battle cry and will triumph

over his enemies. 14 "For a long time I have kept

silent, I have been quiet and held myself back. But

now, like a woman in childbirth, I cry out, I gasp and

pant. 15 I will lay waste the mountains and hills and

dry up all their vegetation; I will turn rivers into

islands and dry up the pools. 16 I will lead the blind

by ways they have not known, along unfamiliar paths I

will guide them; I will turn the darkness into light

before them and make the rough places smooth. These

are the things I will do; I will not forsake them. 17

But those who trust in idols, who say to images, 'You

are our gods,' will be turned back in utter shame.

Isa 54:17 But no weapon that is formed against you

shall prosper, and every tongue that shall rise

against you in judgment you shall show to be in the

wrong. This [peace, righteousness, security, triumph

over opposition] is the heritage of the servants of

the Lord [those in whom the ideal Servant of the Lord

is reproduced]; this is the righteousness or the

vindication which they obtain from Me [this is that

which I impart to them as their justification], says

the Lord.

Isa 65:24 And it shall be that before they call I

will answer; and while they are yet speaking I will

hear. [Isa 30:19; 58:9; Matt 6:8.]

Luke 1:37,45 For with God nothing is ever impossible

and no word from God shall be without power or

impossible of fulfillment.

...And blessed (happy, to be envied) is she who

believed that there would be a fulfillment of the

things that were spoken to her from the Lord.

John 15:7-8 If you live in Me [abide vitally united

to Me] and My words remain in you and continue to live

in your hearts, ask whatever you will, and it shall be

done for you. When you bear (produce) much fruit, My

Father is honored and glorified, and you show and

prove yourselves to be true followers of Mine.

1 Cor 15:25-28 For [Christ] must be King and reign

until He has put all [His] enemies under His feet. [Ps

110:1.] 26 The last enemy to be subdued and

abolished is death. 27 For He [ the Father] has put

all things in subjection under His [Christ's] feet.

But when it says, All things are put in subjection

[under Him], it is evident that He [Himself] is

excepted Who does the subjecting of all things to Him.

[Ps 8:6.] 28 However, when everything is subjected to

Him, then the Son Himself will also subject Himself to

[the Father] Who put all things under Him, so that God

may be all in all [be everything to everyone, supreme,

the indwelling and controlling factor of life].

1 Cor 15:54-57 And when this perishable puts on the

imperishable and this that was capable of dying puts

on freedom from death, then shall be fulfilled the

Scripture that says, Death is swallowed up (utterly

vanquished forever) in and unto victory. [Isa 25:8.]

55 O death, where is your victory? O death, where is

your sting? [Hos 13:14.] 56 Now sin is the sting of

death, and sin exercises its power [upon the soul]

through [the abuse of] the Law. 57 But thanks be to

God, Who gives us the victory [making us conquerors]

through our Lord Jesus Christ.


Rom 4:19-20 He did not weaken in faith when he

considered the [utter] impotence of his own body,

which was as good as dead because he was about a

hundred years old, or [when he considered] the

barrenness of Sarah's [deadened] womb. [Gen 17:17;


20 No unbelief or distrust made him waver

(doubtingly question) concerning the promise of God,

but he grew strong and was empowered by faith as he

gave praise and glory to God,

Ex 15:6-10

6 "Your right hand, O LORD, has become glorious in

power; Your right hand, O LORD, has dashed the enemy

in pieces. 7 And in the greatness of Your excellence

You have overthrown those who rose against You; You

sent forth Your wrath; It consumed them like stubble.

8 And with the blast of Your nostrils The waters were

gathered together; The floods stood upright like a

heap; The depths congealed in the heart of the sea. 9

The enemy said, 'I will pursue, I will overtake, I

will divide the spoil; My desire shall be satisfied on

them. I will draw my sword, My hand shall destroy


10 You blew with Your wind, The sea covered them; They

sank like lead in the mighty waters.

Deut 26:8 And the Lord brought us forth out of Egypt

with a mighty hand and with an outstretched arm, and

with great (awesome) power and with signs and with


Ps 106:9 He rebuked the Red Sea also, and it dried

up; so He led them through the depths as through a

pasture land. [Ex 14:21.]

Isa 40:25-26 "To whom then will you liken Me, Or to

whom shall I be equal?" says the Holy One. 26 Lift up

your eyes on high, And see who has created these

things, Who brings out their host by number; He calls

them all by name, By the greatness of His might And

the strength of His power; Not one is missing.

Isa 40:28-31 Have you not known? Have you not heard?

The everlasting God, the LORD, The Creator of the ends

of the earth, Neither faints nor is weary.His

understanding is unsearchable. 29 He gives power to

the weak, And to those who have no might He increases

strength. 30 Even the youths shall faint and be weary,

And the young men shall utterly fall, 31 But those

who wait on the LORD Shall renew their strength; They

shall mount up with wings like eagles, They shall run

and not be weary, They shall walk and not faint.

Isa 44:24-26 [Judah Will Be Restored ]

Thus says the LORD, your Redeemer, And He who formed

you from the womb:"I am the LORD, who makes all

things, Who stretches out the heavens all alone, Who

spreads abroad the earth by Myself;

25 Who frustrates the signs of the babblers, And

drives diviners mad; Who turns wise men backward, And

makes their knowledge foolishness;

26 Who confirms the word of His servant, And

performs the counsel of His messengers; Who says to

Jerusalem, 'You shall be inhabited,' To the cities of

Judah, 'You shall be built,' And I will raise up her

waste places;

Eph 1:17-22 [For I always pray to] the God of our

Lord Jesus Christ, the Father of glory, that He may

grant you a spirit of wisdom and revelation [of

insight into mysteries and secrets] in the [deep and

intimate] knowledge of Him, 18 By having the eyes of

your heart flooded with light, so that you can know

and understand the hope to which He has called you,

and how rich is His glorious inheritance in the saints

(His set-apart ones), 19 And [so that you can know

and understand] what is the immeasurable and unlimited

and surpassing greatness of His power in and for us

who believe, as demonstrated in the working of His

mighty strength,

20 Which He exerted in Christ when He raised Him from

the dead and seated Him at His [own] right hand in the

heavenly [places],

21 Far above all rule and authority and power and

dominion and every name that is named [above every

title that can be conferred], not only in this age and

in this world, but also in the age and the world which

are to come. 22 And He has put all things under His

feet and has appointed Him the universal and supreme

Head of the church [a headship exercised throughout

the church], [Ps 8:6.]

Col 2:12-15 And you, being dead in your trespasses

and the uncircumcision of your flesh, He has made

alive together with Him, having forgiven you all

trespasses, 14 having wiped out the handwriting of

requirements that was against us, which was contrary

to us. And He has taken it out of the way, having

nailed it to the cross. 15 Having disarmed

principalities and powers, He made a public spectacle

of them, triumphing over them in it.

Rev 1:16-19 And when I saw Him, I fell at His feet

as dead. But He laid His right hand on me, saying to

me, "Do not be afraid; I am the First and the Last.

18 I am He who lives, and was dead, and behold, I am

alive forevermore. Amen. And I have the keys of Hades

and of Death.